~ Important Facts about 911
What is 911?
9-1-1 is the three-digit telephone number to call 24 hours a day for police, fire, or medical help.
How 9-1-1 works:
When you call 9-1-1, a dispatcher will need information about the emergency. The dispatcher will ask "What is the location?" and " What is happening?" and other questions about the emergency.
When to call 9-1-1:
- When police, fire or medical response in needed.
~ How to Have a Hazard-Free Home
Read all labels carefully
Don't pour chemicals in the ground or down the drain
~ Plan Your Home Fire Escape
Where & when do most home fires start?
Most home fires start between the hours of midnight and 6:00 am...just when you are asleep - and least prepared!
Fire Escape Planning
Draw a floor plan of your ground or upper floor bedrooms, with two escape routes from each room, including doors and windows
Family Instructions - meet and practice drills
- Always sleep with bedroom or hall doors closed. It can keep fire out long enough to allow escape through your emergency escape route.
~ Be Prepared for Kitchen Fires
Avoid Fires in your Kitchen!
On average, every person in the country will experience 2 kitchen fires in their lifetime. Take precautions to avoid even one!
How to Extinguish Stove-Top Pan Fires
Try to extinguish the fire in the pan by slowly sliding the lid over the pan. Don't throw the lid on the pan or place the lid directly on the pan. By sliding the lid on top of the pan, you cut off the oxygen to the fire and the fire will die. Once this has been done, turn the burner off to remove the heat source.
Fire in an Oven
If a fire starts in the oven, closing the oven door will cut off the oxygen in most cases and smother the fire. Again, turn off the oven to remove the heat source and keep the oven door closed.
If you don't have a lid that fits a pan, or it the fire is too intense to get close, you must use a fire extinguisher. Most kitchen fires can be put out quickly if an adequate home fire extinguisher is available and used correctly.
Never leave the stove area unattended while cooking in an open pan on the stove or while broiling.
~ Smoke Detectors Save Lives!
A smoke detector is the best early fire detection device available to the average homeowner. Simple installation and maintenance could save the lives of you and your family!
Where, How Many and How Much?
Smoke detectors should be placed near bedrooms either on the ceiling, at least 6 to 12 inches away from the wall, or on the wall, 6 to 12 inches down from the ceiling.
How do I Install a Smoke Detector
Battery-operated detectors can be attached directly to the ceiling or wall. Wired-in electric detectors are somewhat more difficult to install and may require an electrician.
What Maintenance do Smoke Detectors Require?
Test the detector at least monthly by pushing the test button. Once a year, vacuum the dust from alarm air vents. Battery-operated detectors should have the battery replaced each year (daylight savings time is a suggested anniversary date for changing batteries).
~ Fire Extinguishers
Having the proper fire extinguisher, knowing how to use it (and when not to use it) is extremely important in protecting your home and family.
Types of Fire Extinguishers - Easy as A-B-C!
All fire extinguishers are marked with codes which indicated which type of fire they are designed to extinguish:
On the extinguisher, you will also find a number before the letter indicating the type. This number indicates the size of the fire that the extinguisher will be effective in putting out. For instance, a 10B:C rated extinguisher can be used on a gas, liquid or electrical fire roughly twice the size of a 5B:C extinguisher.
Keep 'Em Close
Place extinguishers in areas of potential fire hazards, but far enough so that they can be retrieved in the event of a fire. For instance, never store them on or near stoves, furnaces, or equipment which couldn't be approached in case it caught fire.
~ Home Fire Safety Checklist
Are fuel-burning space heaters and appliances properly installed and used?
~ Children & Fire - Teach Them Well
Teach Proper Response to Home Fires
Small children often try to hide under their beds or in a closet when fire occurs. Fire safety educators tend to avoid negative statements ("don't hide in your closet") but to emphasize the appropriate actions to take ("do get outside as quickly as possible").
Teach Correct Use of Fire
Impress upon your child what fire is and can do. There are three elements required to create and maintain fire: heat, fuel and oxygen. Without these elements, fire won't exist. When young people have the opportunity to help, impress upon them safety practices. Then watch them.
~ Safety with Fireworks
Where and What to Buy?
Fireworks can be purchased legally from retail outlets and stands that are licensed by the State Fire Marshall. The stands are inspected by the fire department to ensure that no illegal fireworks slip through. One objective, of course, is to avoid personal injury and the damaging fires caused each year by fireworks.
Guidelines for a Safe Celebration
- Do not allow younger children to play with fireworks under any circumstances. Even sparklers burn at a very high temperature and can easily ignite clothing. Children do not fully understand the danger involved and rarely act correctly in case of an emergency.
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